The age of your home can make a difference to your plans
It’s very important to know how old your home is and how it was built. This should give you a basic idea.
There is a considerable range of house types in the UK, including brick, brick and block, block, concrete, precast concrete, timber frame and steel frame. Yours’ may be two or more stories high, a bungalow, flats or maisonettes, including various roofs types built using a various of materials. Also it maybe in a multi-storey block, end-terrace, mid-terrace, semi detached, detached, purpose-built or even a mobile home or caravan.
This is roughly how the UK homes sector breaks down and your home will fit into one of these time bands.
Pre 1919 21%
Post 1990 10%
From the beginning of the 1900s until the late 20s and early 30s, houses were predominantly single skin masonry walls, making them very difficult and expensive to insulate.
The pre-1919 band houses are, possibly, more identifiable because their period characteristics embrace pre-Georgian up to Victorian and Edwardian. In the 1920s most of the housing was in well-built, short terraces.
During the 1930s came the typical semi-detached house in a range of architectural styles. It also brought the introduction of cavity walls which, of course, are now being filled with insulation to make homes noticeably warmer.
The same styles remained during the post Second World War period. At this time prefabrication emerged as one speedy solution to the huge housing demand.
There was a 15-year period when system-building played a major role. It highlighted a proliferation of concrete frames, concrete panels and steel. Many of these house types are still around today presenting a particularly demanding energy efficiency solution.
Most low-rise housing built in the 1960s returned to more traditional construction methods. But at the turn of that decade there was a resurgence of system-building methods, mostly based on lightweight timber frame technology.
In the 80s and 90s most houses were built by volume builders in many styles, such as mock Elizabethan, Georgian and Victorian. Some timber frame was used, but mostly they are brick or cast stone with lightweight block inner leafs.
Mostly they only have minimal levels of insulation to meet the earlier Building Regulations requirements.